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432.) Perhaps to establish his credentials for command, Smith responds to the 1622 massacre of colonists in Jamestown with a vigorous assertion of his proven ability to handle the Indians, and he affirms Pocahontas as "the meanes to deliuer me [and who] thereby taught me to know their trecheries to preserue the rest." This slim sentence (in the 1622 edition but not in the 1620) seems to be the first verifiably public reference by Smith to the fabled rescue from captivity. Most importantly, Purchas also reports from personal experience that in London Pocahontas "carried her selfe as the Daughter of a King" and, in his presence, was accorded respect by the Bishop of London (p. Smith's verbatim reference to Pocahontas from the 1622 . He himself / Calls her a non pareil." [play; Pocahontas-like] [Electronic Version] Alexander, William, Earl of Stirling [Stirling, William Alexander]. London, 1630.) In a survey of New World colonization associated with his grant in Newfoundland, Alexander cites the marriage of Rolfe and Pocahontas as evidence of the value of intermarriage, "for it is the onely course that vniting minds, free from jealousies, can first make strangers confide in a new friendship." Smith, John. Illustrations by Simon Van de Passe (see 1616) and Robert Vaughan (see below).

Though conversion of a "poore, wretched and mysbeleiving people" was the climactic thrust of his justification of the colony, there is no mention of Pocahontas. In his 1869 , Edward Neill quotes a letter of August 23, 1618, suggesting that Argall has some ulterior motive in advising them that the Indians "have given the country to Mr. [Electronic Version] "Att a Great and Generall Quarter Courte Held for Virginia the 13th of June 1621." .

Rolfe's rosy picture of Virginia in 1616 was obviously meant to re-energize the flagging fortunes of the Virginia Company in London on the trip that brought Pocahontas to London as well.

the only Nonpareil of [Powhatan's] Country," is introduced later as part of a diplomatic mission regarding Indian prisoners. Editor Deane, for instance, determines the rescue an "embellishment" that never happened. 3-11.) The story of John Ortiz, of the Narvaez expedition, rescued by the daughter of the chief, an Indian princess [Hirrihigua], who argued "that one only Christian could do him neither hurt nor good, telling [her father] that it was more for his honour to keepe him as a captive" -- cited by some skeptics as a possible source for Smith's Pocahontas episode.

the Pocahontas rescue episode -- another piece of evidence for those who question Smith's veracity. The "womens entertainment" or "Virginia Maske" episode is also mentioned, but without reference to Pocahontas.

The worst of thatt plantation is past, for our men are well victualled by there owne industrie, but yet no profit is retourned." Smith, John.

Letter of June 20, 1616: "Sir Thomas Dale retourned frome Virginia; he hathe brought divers men and women of thatt countrye to be educated here, and one Rollfe, who maried a daughter of Pohetan, (the barbarous prince,) called Pocahuntas, hathe brought his wife withe him into England. Powhatan treats the captive Smith with "kindness," and he is sent back to Jamestown without incident. Chapter 9: "How this Christian came to the land of Florida, and who he was: and what conference he had with the Governor." . [Virginia history] [Electronic Version] Symonds, William. is a collection of narratives by colonists compiled by Symonds, an English minister who wrote an important justification document for the Virginia Company, and describes Smith's captivity for a third time without the rescue by Pocahontas: instead, Smith "procured his owne liberty." But this work does mention that Powhatan sends Pocahontas to seek freedom for Indian prisoners (which Smith grants for her "sake only"), and there is refutation of the claim that Smith would make himself king by marrying Pocahontas. 43-59, 93-95.) Written by Smith in Virginia, this document contains the first appearance of Pocahontas in the historical record but no mention of the rescue. [Virginia history] [Electronic Version] Wingfield, Edward Maria. [Virginia history] [Electronic Version] A Gentleman of Elvas. [Thanks to Kathryn Sampeck for pointing out one of the original Portuguese versions at (1557)] [Pocahontas-like] [Electronic Version] Smith, John. Pocahontas appears here only in one sentence exemplifying Indian language that translates as: "Bid Pokahontas bring hither two little Baskets, and I will giue her white beads to make a chaine." [Virginia history] [Electronic Version] Strachey, William. Here in his history of Virginia (not published until Major's edition) he memorably describes Pocahontas as an 11-12 year-old cartwheeling "little wanton," now married to Kocoum, whose right name was Amonute -- but there is no mention of connection with Smith, who had left Virginia by this time. (Richmond: Virginia State Library Press, 1957, with introduction by A. Rowse.) (New York: Da Capo Press, 1971.) Letter of June 18, 1614, by the governor of Virginia, who recounts an unsuccessful voyage to Powhatan to negotiate the ransom of Pocahontas and also his role in her conversion to Christianity, a conversion that preceded her marriage to Rolfe, which, in turn, precipitated a period of peace. There's more detail about Smith's captivity but still without reference to Pocahontas, for he procures his own liberty: "Smith, with two others, were beset by 200 savages his men slain, & himselfe in a quagmire taken prisoner; but after a moneth he procured himselfe not onely libertie, but great admiration amongst them, and returning, once more stayed the Pinace from flight." Pocahontas's abduction -- just lately happened -- is noted: "they took Pocahuntis (Powhatans deerest daughter) prisoner, and for her ransome had Corne, and redeliverie of their prisoners and weapons." [Virginia history] [Electronic Version] Rolfe, John. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1939.

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